Jungian literary criticism can illuminate the deep structure of narrative fiction, as in a reading of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

In the classical Jungian method, literature is considered in relation to the collective and the personal unconscious and the archetypes which compose them.

As a branch of psychoanalytic criticism, the practice of Jungian literary criticism follows many paths, one of the most important being the discovery and explanation of recurring archetypal patterns of symbol, character, theme and genre, and also of myth which, Jung believed, could be regarded as a kind of projection of the unconscious.

It comprises a tradition which…


How visionary scientists have arrived at a vital new understanding of consciousness by repudiating the ‘metaphysics of materialism’

The nature of a ‘Copernican revolution’ is to change everything for everybody. The understanding that the Earth was not the centre of the universe, that, like the other planets, it was in orbit about the sun, resulted from the work of the Renaissance polymath Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543).

The second Copernican revolution was caused by the theory of evolution, proposed by Charles Darwin (1809–82), and the acceptance of deep time. …


Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961).

‘What truly matters in Jung’s message is the understanding that we are ultimately grounded in something infinite and eternal, and that our lives as finite beings, illusory as they be, serve a divine purpose.’ Bernardo Kastrup

In the summer of 1940, despite the tribulations of the time, a meeting took place at Moscia, overlooking Lake Maggiore on the Swiss-Italian border, at which the depth psychologist Carl Gustav Jung gave a surprise extempore talk in response to the main speaker at the event, the Basel mathematician Andreas Speiser.

On this occasion, at the Eranos discussion group founded in 1933 for humanistic…


A review of Ghosts of Atlantis: How the Echoes of Lost Civilizations Influence Our Modern World by J Douglas Kenyon (US $25, April 2021, UK £19.99, May 2021)

A crucial and topical thread running through this new book is how many researchers seeking genuine scientific advancement are thwarted by the reductionist-materialist paradigm of the establishment.

In referring to catastrophist Immanuel Velikovsky’s theory of ‘cultural amnesia’, Kenyon says that only by overcoming its ‘Great Forgetting’ can humanity rediscover the heights of spiritual and technological advancement of our distant ancestors’ Atlantean civilization — destroyed, under Kenyon’s discussion, 12,000 years ago by comet…


The Great Sphinx of Giza: was it built by a lost civilization thousands of years before that of ancient Egypt? Photo: Geoff Ward

A review of Forgotten Civilization: New Discoveries on the Solar-Induced Dark Age by Robert M Schoch with Catherine Ulissey (Inner Traditions, US $24.99, March 2021 / UK £18.99, April 2021)

With his 2012 book Forgotten Civilization, geologist Robert Schoch put forward his theory that the last ice age ended suddenly about 9700BCE due to coronal mass ejections from the Sun which wiped out the high culture of the time. Humanity was cast back into a ‘dark age’ lasting thousands of years, civilization reappearing only about 3500BCE with dim racial memories and latent faculties waiting to be rediscovered.

Now we have…


From ‘Big Brother is watching you’ to ‘Big Pharma is watching you’

The celebrated novel 1984, by the committed anti-fascist George Orwell (the pseudonym of Eric Blair), is a dire warning about totalitarian government

Published in 1949, 1984 is the great modern myth of a dystopian future, of the hell of totalitarianism. Encapsulating its horrors, such terms as Big Brother, Thought Police, doublethink, thoughtcrime and Room 101, have become embedded in our culture.

Imagining the ordeals of disillusioned citizen Winston Smith in a despotic world where extreme repression ensures absolute obedience, Orwell (1903–50), in this the last work he completed, had Stalinist Russia in mind. Although Orwell was a socialist, he made…


A review of The Corona Transmissions: Alternatives for engaging with covid-19 — from the physical to the metaphysical, edited by Sherri Mitchell, Richard Grossinger and Kathy Glas (Healing Arts Press, US $19.99, December 2020; UK & Ireland £16.99 / €22, March 2021).

This is a welcome collection of 35 fresh perspectives on the C19 catastrophe from voices excluded or ignored by the mainstream media — writers, poets, doctors, herbalists, First Nations teachers, economists, psychotherapists, astrologers, homeopathic physicians, yoga guides and others.

Healing Arts Press, an imprint of US publishers Inner Traditions, focuses on self-care through complementary and alternative medicine and…


John Keats listening to the nightingale on Hampstead Heath, by Joseph Severn, 1845.

John Keats died 200 years ago this month, on February 23, 1821, the loss lamented in the elegy Adonais published a few months later by Percy Bysshe Shelley whose own death came the following year. The remains of both famous Romantic poets lie in the same cemetery in Rome.

It took seven weeks for the devastating news of John Keats’s death, aged 25, in Rome to reach Shelley, who was then staying at Pisa. The news came in an anguished letter from Leigh Hunt, the critic, essayist and fellow poet.

Almost immediately, Shelley began work on the elegy Adonais, the…


Today’s heretics are not burned at the stake but marginalised, suppressed or ridiculed — even ostracised by their scientific, medical or academic communities: a metaphorical burning, if not of books then of reputations, no matter how impressive and relevant their credentials and status might be in their own fields of endeavour.

Heresy has moved from a religious to a secular context and today can be defined as a belief or opinion profoundly in conflict with what is generally accepted, whether that general acceptance is valid or not, rather than something contrary to prevailing religious doctrine.

The term is well known…


An insight into a lifelong fascination with the old stones of Britain and Ireland

Autumn equinox sunrise at the Dereenataggart stone circle, West Cork, Ireland. Photo: Geoff Ward

Even as a child I was attracted to, and moved by, prehistoric stone circles, standing stones, dolmens and earthworks as well as the patterns which the stars made in the night sky, although at that time, as an 11-year-old, I had no idea how earth and sky were connected at places where the earth forces were concentrated.

I have a vivid memory, for example, of, at that young age, climbing under the capstone of a dolmen in North Devon in the west of England, while on…

Geoff Ward

Writer, poet, tutor and mentor in literature and creative writing (MA and BA Hons degrees in English literature), editor, journalist and musician.

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